Labour Code [LC], No. 311 of 2001, consolidated version dated 2018, including amendment up to Act No. 512/2011 Coll. of 14 December 2011, and amendments introduced by Acts 347/2018 Z. z. and 376/2018 Z. z.
Date:13 Jul 2011;
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Taille des entreprises exclues (≤):
New in Sept. 2011:
As a result of the introduction of a new definition of collective dismissals into the LC, enterprises with less than 20 employees are now expressly exempt from the procedural requirements applicable to collective dismissals (see sec. 73, as amended LC).
Under the previous LC, there was no reference in the definition of collective dismissal to a minimum number of employee employed.
Please not that this exclusion only covers collective dismissals and the rules on individual dismissals and contracts of employment apply to all enterprises.
Catégories de travailleurs exclues:
- On civil/public servants and professional athletes: see sec. 2 LC.
*Sec. 2: (1) This Act shall apply to legal relations in the civil service performance, only where so stipulated by a special regulation.
(2) This Act shall apply to legal relations arising from the public function performance, if so expressly stipulated or if so stipulated by a special regulation.
(3)The legal relations of professional athletes in the exercise of sport on the basis of an agreement for the professional exercise of sport and for legal relations of sport experts in the exercise of an activity on the basis of an agreement for the exercise of activity of a sport expert shall be governed by this Act only if stipulated by a special regulation.
*Sec. 3: "1) Labour-law relations of employees performing work in the public interest shall be governed by this Act, unless stipulated otherwise by a special regulation. [prior to the July 2011 amendments: labour-law relations of employees in the public service performance]
(2) Labour-law relations of transportation employees, members of ships' crew floating under the flag of the Slovak Republic, employees of private security services and professional sports people shall be governed by this Act, unless stipulated otherwise by a special regulation.
(3) Labour-law relations of employees of churches and religious communities which perform clerical activities, shall be governed by this Act, unless stipulated otherwise by this Act, special regulation, international treaty by which the Slovak Republic is bound, a treaty concluded between the Slovak Republic and churches and religious communities, or internal regulations of churches and religious communities."
- On seafarers: there is no general exclusion of seafarers from the Labour Code: sec. 73(9) LC only excludes "crew members of vessels flying the flag of the Slovak Republic" from the provisions on collective redundancies.
- Finally, on other possible exclusions, sec. 3 LC provides that labour relations of, inter alia, employees performing health care occupations, pedagogical employees, employees that are theatrical artists or musicians, members of ships' crew floating under the flag of the Slovak Republic, employees of private security services, employees of churches and religious communities which perform clerical activities, shall be governed by this Act, unless stipulated otherwise by a special regulation.
Notes / Remarques
On July 13, 2011, the Labour Code, and in particular the provisions on termination of employment were significantly amended by Act No. 257/2011. The amendments entered into force on September 1, 2011 (with the exception of certain provisions which entered into force on 1st January 2012).
The Labour Code was further amended in December 2011 by Act 512/2011, effective as of 1st January 2012 but there were no changes on EPL.