Separation benefits can be distinguished depending on the reasons for dismissal. Severance pay refers to any situation contemplated by Article 4 of Convention No. 158. The notion of ‘severance pay’ refers to individual dismissals, and these must be for a valid reason. The valid reason, however, could be related to the conduct or the capacity of the employee – or to the needs of the undertaking.

Redundancy payments refer to termination payments that arise from terminating a worker on economic grounds, such as redundancy or restructuring. The notion of “redundancy” refers to what happens when an employer no longer wishes the job an employee was doing to be done, by anyone. Thus, restructuring of a business, for instance, may lead to redundancy of a job or position. And so, to termination of employment. However, redundancy (and thus termination) can also occur outside a context of collective dismissal.

In some national systems, no distinction between the two types of payment is made. The amounts of severance and redundancy payments often vary depending on worker’s tenure in the enterprise. Their amount is generally calculated based on the worker’s wage, expressed either as a number of days, weeks or months. Convention No. 158 offers flexibility by leaving it up to national governments to define the best way of protecting workers in case of dismissal (Art. 12). In fact, separation benefits are just one possible type of protection, as workers may receive unemployment insurance or assistance benefits, or other forms of social security, or a combination of such allowance and benefits.

Show data for

Approximately 2/3 of EPLex countries provide for at least some redundancy pay

  • Redundancy and severance pay provisions
  • Redundancy pay provisions only
  • No data

Amount of severance pay (in months) per length of tenure

YYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYY
Year(s) Country Region tenure ≥ 6 months tenure ≥ 9 months tenure ≥ 1 year tenure ≥ 2 years tenure ≥ 4 years tenure ≥ 5 years tenure ≥ 10 years tenure ≥ 20 years
2019 Afghanistan Asia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Algeria Africa 0 0 0 1 2 2.5 5 10
2019 Angola Africa 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Argentina Americas 0.5 0.75 1 2 4 5 10 20
2019 Australia Asia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Azerbaijan Europe 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Bangladesh Asia 0 1 1 2 4 5 10 20
2019 Belgium Europe 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Brazil Americas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Bulgaria Europe 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Burkina Faso Africa 0 0 0.25 0.5 1 1.25 2.75 6.75
2019 Cambodia Asia 0.23 0.23 0.5 1 2 2.5 5 6
2019 Cameroon Africa 0 0 0 0.4 0.8 1 2.25 5.5
2019 Central African Republic Africa 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Chile Americas 0 0 1 2 4 5 10 11
2019 Colombia Americas 1 1 1 1.67 3 3.67 7 13.67
2019 Comoros Africa 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Congo, Democratic Republic Africa 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Costa Rica Americas 0.47 0.47 0.65 1.33 2.8 3.53 7.17 13.33
2019 Côte d'Ivoire Africa 0 0 0.3 0.6 1.2 1.5 3.25 7.25
2019 Cyprus Europe 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Czechia Europe 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Ecuador Americas 1 2 3 4 6 7 12 22
2019 El Salvador Americas 0.5 0.75 1 2 4 5 10 20
2019 Finland Europe 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 France Europe 0 0.19 0.25 0.5 1 1.25 2.5 5.83
2019 Gabon Africa 0 0 0 0.4 0.8 1 2 4
2019 Georgia Europe 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2019 Greece Europe 0 0 0 1 1 1.5 2.5 6
2019 Guatemala Americas 0.5 0.75 1 2 4 5 10 20
2019 Honduras Americas 0.67 0.67 1 2 4 5 10 20
2019 Hungary Europe 0 0 0 0 1 2 3 5
2019 India Asia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Indonesia Asia 1 1 2 3 5 6 9 9
2019 Italy Europe 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Japan Asia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Jordan Arab States 0.5 0.75 1 2 4 5 10 20
2019 Kazakhstan Europe 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2019 Korea, Republic of Asia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Kyrgyzstan Europe 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Lesotho Africa 0 0 0.5 1 2 2.5 5 10
2019 Luxembourg Europe 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 6
2019 Madagascar Africa 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Malawi Africa 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Mexico Americas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Morocco Africa 0.25 0.33 0.5 1 2 2.5 6.25 17.5
2019 Namibia Africa 0 0 0.25 0.5 1 1.25 2.5 5
2019 Netherlands Europe 0 0 0 0.66 1.32 1.65 3.33 8.33
2019 New Zealand Asia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Nicaragua Americas 0.5 0.75 1 2 3.75 4.15 5 5
2019 Niger Africa 0 0 0.2 0.4 0.8 1 2.5 6
2019 Norway Europe 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Panama Americas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Paraguay Americas 0.5 0.5 0.5 1 4 5 5 20
2019 Peru Americas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Philippines Asia 1 1 1 1 2 2.5 5 10
2019 Portugal Europe 0 0 0.4 0.8 1.6 2 4 8
2019 Romania Europe 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Russian Federation Europe 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
2019 Rwanda Africa 0 0 2 2 2 3 4 6
2019 Senegal Africa 0 0 0.25 0.5 1 1.25 2.75 6.75
2019 Serbia Europe 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Singapore Asia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Slovakia Europe 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Slovenia Europe 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.8 1 2.5 6.5
2019 South Africa Africa 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Spain Europe 0.33 0.5 0.67 1.33 2.67 3.33 6.67 12
2019 Sri Lanka Asia 0 0 0 0 0 2.5 5 10
2019 Switzerland Europe 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Tajikistan Europe 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
2019 Tanzania, United Republic of Africa 0 0 0.25 0.5 1 1.25 2.5 2.5
2019 Thailand Asia 1 1 3 3 6 6 10 13.33
2019 Tunisia Africa 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.8 1.6 2 3 3
2019 Turkey Europe 0 0 1 2 4 5 10 20
2019 Turkmenistan Europe 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
2019 Uganda Africa 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Ukraine Europe 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2019 Uruguay Americas 0.5 0.75 1 2 4 5 6 6
2019 Uzbekistan Europe 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Americas 1 1 1 2 4 5 10 20
2019 Zambia Africa 0 0 2 4 8 10 20 40
2018 Antigua and Barbuda Americas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2018 Armenia Europe 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
2018 Malaysia Asia 0 0 0.33 1 2 3.33 6.67 13.33
2016 Austria Europe 0 0 0 0 2 3 4 9
2017 Bolivia Americas 0.25 0.5 1 2 4 5 10 20
2017 China Asia 1 1 1 2 4 5 10 20
2017 Denmark Europe 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3
2017 Egypt Africa 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2017 Estonia Europe 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2017 Germany Europe 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2017 Moldova, Republic of Europe 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
2017 Mongolia Asia 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2017 North Macedonia Europe 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2017 Saint Lucia Americas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2017 Saudi Arabia Arab States 0.25 0.33 0.5 1 2 2.5 7.5 17.5
2017 Sweden Europe 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2017 United States Americas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2012 Canada (Federal only) Americas 0 0 0.17 0.17 0.27 0.33 0.67 1.33
2013 Ethiopia Africa 0.5 0.75 1 1.33 2 2.33 4 7.33
2013 Syrian Arab Republic Arab States 0 0 1 2 4 5 10 20
2013 United Arab Emirates Arab States 0 0 0.7 1.4 2.8 3.5 8.5 18.5
2013 Yemen Arab States 0.5 0.75 1 2 4 5 10 20
2020 Ghana Africa 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2020 Montenegro Europe 3 3 3 3 3 3 3.33 6.67
2020 Nigeria Africa 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2010 Iran, Islamic Republic of Asia 0 0 1 2 4 5 10 20
2015 Viet Nam Asia 0 0 0.5 1 2 2.5 5 10

Amount of redundancy pay (in months) per length of tenure

YYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYY
Year(s) Country Region tenure ≥ 6 months tenure ≥ 9 months tenure ≥ 1 year tenure ≥ 2 years tenure ≥ 4 years tenure ≥ 5 years tenure ≥ 10 years tenure ≥ 20 years
2019 Afghanistan Asia 1 1 2 2 2 4 6 6
2019 Algeria Africa 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
2019 Angola Africa 0 0 1 2 4 5 7.5 12.5
2019 Argentina Americas 0.5 0.5 0.5 1 2 2.5 5 10
2019 Australia Asia 0 0 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3
2019 Azerbaijan Europe 0 0 1 1.4 1.4 1.4 2 2
2019 Bangladesh Asia 0 1 1 2 4 5 10 20
2019 Belgium Europe 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Brazil Americas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Bulgaria Europe 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2019 Burkina Faso Africa 0 0 0.25 0.5 1 1.25 2.75 6.75
2019 Cambodia Asia 0.23 0.23 0.5 1 2 2.5 5 6
2019 Cameroon Africa 0 0 0 0.4 0.8 1 2.25 5.5
2019 Central African Republic Africa 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Chile Americas 0 0 1 2 4 5 10 11
2019 Colombia Americas 1 1 1 1.67 3 3.67 7 13.67
2019 Comoros Africa 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Congo, Democratic Republic Africa 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Côte d'Ivoire Africa 0 0 0.3 0.6 1.2 1.5 3.25 7.25
2019 Cyprus Europe 0 0 0 1 2 2.63 5.75 13.88
2019 Czechia Europe 1 1 2 3 3 3 3 3
2019 Ecuador Americas 1 2 3 4 6 7 12 22
2019 El Salvador Americas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Finland Europe 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 France Europe 0 0.16 0.25 0.5 1 1.25 2.5 5.83
2019 Gabon Africa 0 0 0.2 0.4 0.8 1 2 4
2019 Georgia Europe 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2019 Greece Europe 0 0 0 1 1 1.5 2.5 6
2019 Guatemala Americas 0.5 0.75 1 2 4 4 4 4
2019 Honduras Americas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Hungary Europe 0 0 0 0 1 2 3 5
2019 India Asia 0 0 0.5 1 2 2.5 5 10
2019 Indonesia Asia 2 2 4 6 10 12 18 18
2019 Italy Europe 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Japan Asia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Jordan Arab States 0.5 0.75 1 2 4 5 10 20
2019 Kazakhstan Europe 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2019 Korea, Republic of Asia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Kyrgyzstan Europe 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Lesotho Africa 0 0 0.5 1 2 2.5 5 10
2019 Luxembourg Europe 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 6
2019 Madagascar Africa 0 0 0.33 0.67 2.67 3.33 6 6
2019 Malawi Africa 0 0 0.5 1 2 2.5 6.25 16.25
2019 Mexico Americas 3 3 3.4 3.8 4.6 5 7 11
2019 Morocco Africa 0.25 0.33 0.5 1 2 2.5 6.25 17.5
2019 Namibia Africa 0 0 0.25 0.5 1 1.25 2.5 5
2019 Netherlands Europe 0 0 0 0.66 1.32 1.65 3.33 8.33
2019 New Zealand Asia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Niger Africa 1 1 1.2 1.4 1.8 2 3.5 7
2019 Norway Europe 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Panama Americas 0.5 0.75 1 3 4.5 5.2 9.75 14.8
2019 Paraguay Americas 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3
2019 Peru Americas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Philippines Asia 1 1 1 2 4 5 10 20
2019 Portugal Europe 0 0 0.4 0.8 1.6 2 4 8
2019 Romania Europe 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Russian Federation Europe 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2019 Rwanda Africa 0 0 2 2 2 3 4 6
2019 Senegal Africa 1 1 1.25 1.5 2 2.25 3.75 7.75
2019 Serbia Europe 0 0 0.33 0.66 1.33 1.66 3.3 5.83
2019 Singapore Asia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Slovakia Europe 1 1 2 2 2 3 3 3
2019 Slovenia Europe 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.8 1 2.5 6.5
2019 South Africa Africa 0 0 0.25 0.5 1 1.25 2.5 5
2019 Spain Europe 0.33 0.5 0.67 1.33 2.67 3.33 6.67 12
2019 Sri Lanka Asia 0 0 0 0 0 2.5 5 10
2019 Switzerland Europe 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Tajikistan Europe 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1
2019 Tanzania, United Republic of Africa 0 0 0.25 0.5 1 1.25 2.5 2.5
2019 Thailand Asia 1 1 3 3 6 6 15 23.33
2019 Tunisia Africa 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.8 1.6 2 3 3
2019 Turkey Europe 0 0 1 2 4 5 10 20
2019 Turkmenistan Europe 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
2019 Uganda Africa 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Ukraine Europe 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2019 Uruguay Americas 0.5 0.75 1 2 4 5 6 6
2019 Uzbekistan Europe 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Zambia Africa 0 0 2 4 8 10 20 40
2018 Antigua and Barbuda Americas 0 0 0.4 0.8 1.6 2 4 8
2018 Armenia Europe 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2018 Malaysia Asia 0 0 0.33 1 2 3.33 6.67 13.33
2016 Austria Europe 0 0 0 0 2 3 4 9
2017 Bolivia Americas 0.12 0.25 0.5 1 2 2.5 5 10
2017 China Asia 1 1 1 2 4 5 10 20
2017 Denmark Europe 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3
2017 Egypt Africa 1 1 1 2 4 5 12.5 27.5
2017 Estonia Europe 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2017 Germany Europe 0.5 0.5 0.5 1 2 2.5 5 10
2017 Moldova, Republic of Europe 1 1 1 1 2 2.5 5 10
2017 Mongolia Asia 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2017 North Macedonia Europe 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 5
2017 Saint Lucia Americas 0 0 0 0.5 1.25 1.75 5 12.5
2017 Saudi Arabia Arab States 0.25 0.33 0.5 1 2 2.5 7.5 17.5
2017 Sweden Europe 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2017 United States Americas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2012 Canada (Federal only) Americas 0 0 0.17 0.17 0.27 0.33 0.67 1.33
2013 Ethiopia Africa 2.5 2.75 3 3.33 4 4.33 6 9.33
2013 Syrian Arab Republic Arab States 0 0 1 2 4 5 6 6
2013 United Arab Emirates Arab States 0 0 0.7 1.4 2.8 3.5 8.5 18.5
2013 Yemen Arab States 0.5 0.75 1 2 4 5 10 20
2020 Ghana Africa 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2020 Montenegro Europe 0 0 0 3 3 3 3.33 6.67
2020 Nigeria Africa 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2010 Iran, Islamic Republic of Asia 0 0 2 4 8 10 20 40
2015 Viet Nam Asia 2 2 2 2 4 5 10 20