In order to dismiss a worker, an employer usually has to follow a set of legally mandated procedures, such as providing notice. Convention No. 158 provides that the “worker whose employment is to be terminated shall be entitled to a reasonable period of notice or compensation in lieu thereof, unless he is guilty of serious misconduct” (Art.11). The purpose of this obligation is to lessen the negative effects of an immediate termination of a person’s employment.” Such notice is also intended to enable the worker to prepare for the upcoming job loss and to allow job search. Recommendation No. 166 additionally provides that, during the period of notice, the worker should be entitled to a reasonable amount of time off without loss of pay at times that are convenient to both parties, so that the worker may look for other employment (para. 16). The specific length of the notice period is left to be determined by national practice.

Recommendation No. 166 also identifies procedures that may be followed prior to, or at the time of, termination. For example, it provides that the employer should notify a worker in writing of a decision to terminate employment, and that the worker should, on request, be entitled to receive a written statement from the employer of the reason or reasons for termination (paras. 12 and 13). The Recommendation envisages the possibility of employers consulting workers’ representatives before a final decision is taken on individual cases of termination of employment (para. 11). Workers must also normally have the right to appeal before an impartial body, such as a court, labour tribunal, arbitration committee or arbitrator (C. 158, Art.8).

Show data for

Approximately 80% of EPLex countries require a written notification to the worker to be dismissed

  • Written notification required
  • No specific form required
  • No data

Procedural requirements for individual dismissals

Year(s) Country Region Notification to the worker to be dismissed Pay in lieu of notice Notification to the public administration Notification to workers' representatives Approval by public administration or judicial bodies Approval by workers' representatives
2019 Afghanistan Asia
no specific form required
N Y
N N N
2019 Algeria Africa
written
Y
N N N N
2019 Angola Africa
written
Y
Y
N N N
2018 Antigua and Barbuda Americas
no specific form required
Y
N N N N
2019 Argentina Americas
written
Y
N N N N
2018 Armenia Europe
written
Y
N N N N
2019 Australia Asia
written
Y
N N N N
2016 Austria Europe
no specific form required
N N Y
N N
2019 Azerbaijan Europe
written
Y
N N N N
2019 Bangladesh Asia
written
Y
N N N N
2019 Belgium Europe
written
Y
N N N N
2019 Bolivia Americas
no specific form required
Y
N N N N
2018 Botswana Africa
written
Y
Y
N N N
2019 Brazil Americas
no specific form required
Y
N N N N
2019 Bulgaria Europe
written
Y
N N N N
2019 Burkina Faso Africa
written
Y
N N N N
2018 Cambodia Asia
written
Y
Y
N N N
2019 Cameroon Africa
written
Y
N N N N
2012 Canada (Federal only) Americas
written
Y
N N N N
2019 Central African Republic Africa
written
Y
N N N N
2019 Chile Americas
written
Y
Y
N N N
2017 China Asia
written
Y
N Y
N N
2019 Colombia Americas
no specific form required
N N N N N
2019 Comoros Africa
written
Y
N N N N
2019 Congo, Democratic Republic Africa
written
Y
Y
N N N
2019 Costa Rica Americas
no specific form required
Y
N N N N
2019 Côte d'Ivoire Africa
written
Y
N N N N
2019 Cuba Americas
no specific form required
N N N N N
2019 Cyprus Europe
written
Y
N N N N
2019 Czechia Europe
written
N N Y
N N
2017 Denmark Europe
written
N N N N N
2019 Ecuador Americas
written
Y
Y
N Y
N
2017 Egypt Africa
written
Y
N N Y
N
2019 El Salvador Americas
no specific form required
N N N N N
2017 Estonia Europe
written
Y
N N N N
2013 Ethiopia Africa
written
Y
N N N N
2019 Finland Europe
no specific form required
Y
N N N N
2019 France Europe
written
Y
N N N N
2019 Gabon Africa
written
Y
N N N N
2019 Georgia Europe
written
Y
N N N N
2017 Germany Europe
written
N N Y
N N
2020 Ghana Africa
written
Y
N N N N
2019 Greece Europe
written
Y
Y
N N N
2019 Guatemala Americas
written
N N N N N
2019 Honduras Americas
written
Y
N N N N
2019 Hungary Europe
written
N N N N N
2019 India Asia
written
Y
N N Y
N
2019 Indonesia Asia
no specific form required
N N Y
Y
N
2010 Iran, Islamic Republic of Asia
no specific form required
N N Y
N Y
2019 Italy Europe
written
Y
Y
N N N
2019 Japan Asia
no specific form required
Y
N N N N
2019 Jordan Arab States
written
Y
N N N N
2019 Kazakhstan Europe
written
N N N N N
2019 Korea, Republic of Asia
written
Y
N N N N
2019 Kyrgyzstan Europe
written
Y
N N N N
2019 Lesotho Africa
no specific form required
Y
N N N N
2019 Luxembourg Europe
written
Y
N N N N
2019 Madagascar Africa
written
Y
N N N N
2019 Malawi Africa
written
Y
N N N N
2018 Malaysia Asia
written
Y
N N N N
2019 Mexico Americas
written
N N N N N
2017 Moldova, Republic of Europe
written
N N N N N
2017 Mongolia Asia
written
N N N N N
2020 Montenegro Europe
written
Y
N Y
N N
2019 Morocco Africa
written
Y
Y
N N N
2019 Namibia Africa
written
Y
N N N N
2019 Netherlands Europe
no specific form required
Y
Y
N Y
N
2019 New Zealand Asia
no specific form required
N N N N N
2019 Nicaragua Americas
no specific form required
N Y
N Y
N
2019 Niger Africa
written
Y
N N N N
2020 Nigeria Africa
written
Y
N N N N
2017 North Macedonia Europe
written
Y
N N N N
2019 Norway Europe
written
N N Y
N N
2019 Panama Americas
written
N N N N N
2019 Paraguay Americas
written
Y
N N N N
2019 Peru Americas
written
N N N N N
2019 Philippines Asia
written
N N N N N
2019 Poland Europe
written
Y
N Y
N N
2019 Portugal Europe
written
N Y
Y
N N
2019 Romania Europe
written
N N N N N
2019 Russian Federation Europe
written
Y
N N N N
2019 Rwanda Africa
written
Y
Y
N N N
2017 Saint Lucia Americas
written
Y
N N N N
2017 Saudi Arabia Arab States
written
Y
N N N N
2019 Senegal Africa
written
Y
N N N N
2019 Serbia Europe
written
Y
N N N N
2019 Singapore Asia
written
Y
N N N N
2019 Slovakia Europe
written
Y
N N N N
2019 Slovenia Europe
written
Y
N N N N
2019 South Africa Africa
written
Y
N N N N
2019 Spain Europe
written
Y
N N N N
2019 Sri Lanka Asia
no specific form required
N Y
N Y
N
2017 Sweden Europe
written
N N N N N
2019 Switzerland Europe
written
N N N N N
2013 Syrian Arab Republic Arab States
written
Y
N N N N
2019 Tajikistan Europe
written
Y
Y
Y
N Y
2019 Tanzania, United Republic of Africa
written
Y
N N N N
2019 Thailand Asia
no specific form required
Y
N N N N
2019 Tunisia Africa
written
Y
N N N N
2019 Turkey Europe
written
Y
Y
N N N
2019 Turkmenistan Europe
written
Y
N Y
N Y
2019 Uganda Africa
written
Y
N N N N
2019 Ukraine Europe
written
N N N N N
2013 United Arab Emirates Arab States
written
Y
N N N N
2019 United Kingdom Europe
no specific form required
N N N N N
2017 United States Americas
no specific form required
N N N N N
2019 Uruguay Americas
no specific form required
N N N N N
2019 Uzbekistan Europe
written
Y
Y
Y
N Y
2019 Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Americas
no specific form required
N N N N N
2012 Viet Nam Asia
no specific form required
Y
N Y
N N
2013 Yemen Arab States
no specific form required
Y
N N N N
2019 Zambia Africa
no specific form required
Y
N N N N

Notice period (in months), depending on tenure

Year(s) Country Region Workers types Dismissal types tenure ≥6 months tenure ≥9 months tenure ≥1 year tenure ≥2 years tenure ≥4 years tenure ≥5 years tenure ≥10 years tenure ≥20 years
2020 Ghana Africa All all 0.5 0.5 0.5 1 1 1 1
2020 Montenegro Europe All all 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2020 Nigeria Africa All all 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.5 0.5 1 1 1
2019 Afghanistan Asia All all 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2019 Angola Africa All economic dismissal 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2019 Argentina Americas All all 1 1 1 1 2 2 2
2019 Australia Asia All all 0.25 0.25
2019 Australia Asia employees ≤ 45 years old all 0.5 0.75 1 1 1
2019 Australia Asia employees > 45 years old all 0.75 1 1.25 1.25 1.25
2019 Azerbaijan Europe All economic dismissal 0.5 0.5 0.5 1 1 1.5 2.25
2019 Bangladesh Asia All economic dismissal 0 0 1 1 1 1 1
2019 Bangladesh Asia permanent (monthly-paid) workers termination without cause 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
2019 Bangladesh Asia permanent (non-monthly-paid) workers termination without cause 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
2019 Bangladesh Asia temporary (monthly-paid) workers termination without cause 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2019 Bangladesh Asia temporary (non-monthly-paid) workers termination without cause 0.47 0.47 0.47 0.47 0.47 0.47 0.47
2019 Belgium Europe All all 1 1.75 3 3.75 4.5 8.25 14.75
2019 Burkina Faso Africa monthly paid workers all 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2019 Burkina Faso Africa hourly, daily or weekly paid workers all 0.27 0.27 0.27 0.27 0.27 0.27 0.27
2019 Burkina Faso Africa first-line supervisors, technicians, engineers, executives all 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
2019 Bulgaria Europe All all 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2019 Bolivia Americas permanent workers all 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
2019 Bolivia Americas temporary worker all 0.25 0.5 1 1 1 1 1
2019 Brazil Americas All dismissal without cause ("sem justo motivo") 1 1 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.9 2.9
2019 Congo, Democratic Republic Africa managerial and similar positions all 3 3 4.07 5.13 5.67 8.33 13.67
2019 Congo, Democratic Republic Africa first-line supervisors, technicians, engineers, executives all 1 1 1.6 2.2 2.5 3.67 7
2019 Congo, Democratic Republic Africa worker's categories 1 to 5 all 0.47 0.47 0.93 1.4 1.63 2.8 5.13
2019 Central African Republic Africa managerial and similar positions all 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
2019 Central African Republic Africa monthly paid workers all 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2019 Central African Republic Africa first-line supervisors and technicians all 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
2019 Central African Republic Africa fortnightly, weekly, daily or hourly paid workers all 0.27 0.27
2019 Central African Republic Africa fortnightly, weekly or hourly paid workers 0.27 0.27 0.27 0.27 0.27
2019 Switzerland Europe All all 1 1 2 2 2 3 3
2019 Côte d'Ivoire Africa monthly paid workers (categories 1 to 5) all 1 1 1 1 1 2 4
2019 Côte d'Ivoire Africa monthly paid workers (categories 6 to 10) all 3 3 3 3 3 3 4
2019 Côte d'Ivoire Africa fortnightly, weekly, daily or hourly paid workers all 0.5 0.5 1 1 1 2 4
2019 Chile Americas All specific dismissal without cause ("Desahucio") 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2019 Cameroon Africa worker's categories I to VI and domestic workers all 0.5 0.5 1 1 2 2 2
2019 Cameroon Africa worker's categories VII to IX all 1 1 2 2 3 3 3
2019 Cameroon Africa worker's categories X to XII all 1 1 3 3 4 4 4
2019 Costa Rica Americas All termination without cause 0.5 0.5 1 1 1 1 1 1
2019 Cyprus Europe All all 0.25 0.25 1 1.5 1.75 2 2
2019 Czechia Europe All all 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
2019 Spain Europe All all 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
2019 Finland Europe All all 0.47 0.47 1 1 2 4 6
2019 France Europe All all 1 1 2 2 2 2 2
2019 Gabon Africa All all 0.5 0.5 1 2 3 4 6
2019 United Kingdom Europe All all 0.25 0.25 0.5 1 1.25 2.5 3
2019 Georgia Europe All all 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2019 Greece Europe white-collar workers all 0 0 2 2 3 4 4
2019 Greece Europe blue-collar workers all 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Guatemala Americas All all 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Honduras Americas All termination without cause 0.5 0.5 2 2 2 2 2
2019 Hungary Europe All all 1 1 1 1.17 1.5 1.83 3
2019 Indonesia Asia All all 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 India Asia permanent (monthly-paid) workers all 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2019 India Asia permanent (non-monthly-paid) workers all 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
2019 Jordan Arab States All all 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2019 Japan Asia All all 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2019 Kyrgyzstan Europe All economic dismissal 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2019 Comoros Africa All all 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Korea, Republic of Asia All all 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2019 Kazakhstan Europe All economic dismissal 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
2019 Sri Lanka Asia All economic dismissal not covered by the TEWA 0 0 1 1 1 1 1
2019 Lesotho Africa All all 0.5 0.5 1 1 1 1 1
2019 Luxembourg Europe All all 2 2 2 2 4 6 6
2019 Morocco Africa managerial and similar positions all 1 1 2 2 2 2 3 3
2019 Morocco Africa white-collars and blue-collars all 0.27 0.27 1 1 1 1 2 2
2019 Madagascar Africa Workers' category I all 0.27 0.27 0.33 0.6 1 1 1
2019 Madagascar Africa Workers' category II all 0.5 0.5 1 1.27 1.5 1.5 1.5
2019 Madagascar Africa Workers' category III all 1 1 1.5 1.77 2 2 2
2019 Madagascar Africa Workers' category IV all 1.5 1.5 2.5 2.77 3 3 3
2019 Madagascar Africa Workers' category V all 3 3 4 4.27 6 6 6
2019 Malawi Africa monthly paid workers all 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2019 Malawi Africa fortnightly paid workers all 0.5 0.5
2019 Malawi Africa hourly or weekly paid workers all 0.25 0.25
2019 Malawi Africa fixed-term workers all 0.47 0.47 0.47 0.47 0.47 0.47 0.47
2019 Malawi Africa fortnightly, weekly or hourly paid workers all 0.5 0.5 1 1 1
2019 Mexico Americas All all 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Namibia Africa All all 0.25 0.25 1 1 1 1 1
2019 Niger Africa monthly paid workers all 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2019 Niger Africa hourly, daily or weekly paid workers all 0.27 0.27 0.27 0.27 0.27 0.27 0.27
2019 Niger Africa first-line supervisors and technicians all 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2019 Niger Africa engineers, executives and top executives all 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
2019 Netherlands Europe All all 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4
2019 Norway Europe All all 1 1 1 1 2
2019 Norway Europe employee < 50 years old all 3 3
2019 Norway Europe employees ≥ 50 years old all 4 4
2019 Norway Europe employees ≥ 55 years old all 5 5
2019 Norway Europe employees ≥ 60 years old all 6 6
2019 New Zealand Asia All all 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Panama Americas All all 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Peru Americas All dismissal based on worker's capacity 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2019 Philippines Asia All economic dismissal 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2019 Portugal Europe All all 0.5 0.5 1 1 2 2.5 2.5
2019 Paraguay Americas All termination without cause 1 1 1 1.5 1.5 1.5 2 3
2019 Romania Europe All all 0.67 0.67 0.67 0.67 0.67 0.67 0.67
2019 Russian Federation Europe All economic dismissal 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
2019 Rwanda Africa All all 0.5 0.5 1 1 1 1 1
2019 Singapore Asia All all 0.25 0.25 0.5 0.5 1 1 1
2019 Slovenia Europe All dismissal based on conduct (excl. serious wrongdoings) 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
2019 Slovakia Europe All dismissal based on economic reasons and health grounds 1 1 2 2 3 3 3
2019 Senegal Africa managerial and similar positions all 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
2019 Senegal Africa monthly paid workers all 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2019 Senegal Africa hourly, daily, weekly paid blue-collar workers (categories 1 to 4) all 0.27 0.27
2019 Senegal Africa hourly, daily, weekly paid blue-collar workers (categories 5 to 7) all 0.5 0.5
2019 Senegal Africa hourly, daily, weekly paid blue-collar workers (categories 1 to 7) all 0.5 0.5 1 1 1
2019 El Salvador Americas All all 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 Thailand Asia monthly paid workers non economic dismissal 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2019 Tajikistan Europe All dismissal based on worker's capacity 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2019 Turkmenistan Europe All economic dismissal 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
2019 Tunisia Africa All all 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2019 Turkey Europe All all 0.5 1 1.5 2 2 2 2
2019 Tanzania, United Republic of Africa monthly paid workers all 0.93 0.93 0.93 0.93 0.93 0.93 0.93
2019 Tanzania, United Republic of Africa daily or weekly paid workers all 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13
2019 Ukraine Europe All all 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
2019 Uganda Africa All all 0.5 0.5 1 1 2 3 3
2019 Uzbekistan Europe All dismissal based on worker's capacity 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
2019 Serbia Europe All ordinary dismissal not based on the worker's capacity 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2019 South Africa Africa All all 0.5 0.5 1 1 1 1 1
2019 Zambia Africa All economic dismissal 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2019 Zambia Africa oral contract ≥ 1 week non economic dismissal 1 1 1 1
2018 Antigua and Barbuda Americas monthly paid workers all 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2018 Armenia Europe All all 0.47 0.47 1.17 1.17 1.17 1.4 1.63 2
2018 Botswana Africa All all 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.5 0.5 1 1.5 1.5
2018 Cambodia Asia All all 0.5 0.5 0.5 1 1 2 3
2018 Malaysia Asia All all 1 1 1.5 1.5 2 2 2
2017 China Asia All all 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2017 Germany Europe All all 1 1 1 1 2 4 7
2017 Denmark Europe white-collar workers all 3 3 3 3 4 6 6
2017 Estonia Europe All all 0.5 0.5 1 1 2 3 3
2017 Egypt Africa All all 2 2 2 2 2 3 3
2017 Saint Lucia Americas All all 0.25 0.25 0.5 0.5 1 1.5 1.5
2017 Moldova, Republic of Europe All economic dismissal 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
2017 North Macedonia Europe All all 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2017 Mongolia Asia All dismissal based on worker's capacity 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2017 Saudi Arabia Arab States monthly paid workers all 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2017 Saudi Arabia Arab States non-monthly paid workers all 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
2017 Sweden Europe All all 1 1 2 3 3 6 6
2017 United States Americas All all 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2016 Austria Europe white-collar workers all 1.5 1.5 2 2 3 3 4
2016 Austria Europe blue-collar workers all 0.47 0.47 0.47 0.47 0.47 0.47 0.47
2016 Austria Europe workers paid on a daily basis or by piece-rate all 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03
2013 United Arab Emirates Arab States All all 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2013 United Arab Emirates Arab States workers paid on a daily basis or by piece-rate all 0.25 0.25 0.5 0.5 1 1 1
2013 Ethiopia Africa All economic dismissal 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
2013 Syrian Arab Republic Arab States All all 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
2013 Yemen Arab States monthly paid workers all 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2013 Yemen Arab States hourly, daily or weekly paid workers all 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25
2013 Yemen Arab States fortnightly paid workers all 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
2012 Canada (Federal only) Americas All all 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
2012 Viet Nam Asia permanent workers all 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
2010 Iran, Islamic Republic of Asia All all 0 0 0 0 0 0 0