Définition du licenciement collectif (nombre d'employés concernés):
There is no statutory definition and no regulation as such of collective dismissals for economic reasons.
However, the LC regulates the suspension of the employment contracts for economic reasons and allows the employer (and the employee) to terminate employment contracts which have been suspended for economic reasons for more than 120 days without incurring liability.
- See art. 111 h) LC in combination with art. 100 LC.
Art. 111 h) allows either party to terminate a contract which has been suspended for more than 120 days in accordance with the procedural requirements applicable to such suspension in the following cases:
- lack of raw material and driving force for the negotiation not attributable to the employer
- unprofitable activity
- lack of funds and impossibility to obtain them.
Note also that fortuitous event or force majeure is also a cause for termination of employment by either parties (art. 111 h) LC)
Consultation préalable des syndicats (représentants des travailleurs):
Notification à l'administration publique:
Art. 102 LC requires the employer to notify in writing the workers affected by the suspension at least 30 days in advance and to send a copy of this notification to the Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare.
The suspension of employment contracts for economic reasons shall be authorized by the Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare (La Secretaría de Trabajo y Previsión Social): art. 101 LC.
Notification aux représentants des travailleurs:
No obligation to notify the workers' representatives of the suspension. The law only requires the employer to notify in writing the workers affected by the suspension at least 30 days in advance and to send a copy of this notification to the Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare (art. 102 LC).
Autorisation de l'administration publique ou d'un organe judiciaire:
The suspension of employment contracts for economic reasons shall be authorized by the Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare (La Secretaru00eda de Trabajo y Previsiu00f3n Social): art. 101 LC.
Accord des représentants des travailleurs:
Règles de priorité pour l'ordre des des licenciements collectifs (situation sociale, âge, ancienneté):
Obligation de l'employeur d'examiner des solutions alternatives au licenciement (transferts, formation...):
Règles de priorité de réembauche:
Notes / Remarques
The procedural requirements reviewed in this section apply to the suspension of an employment contract for certain reasons listed in the law, which include economic reasons.
That procedure is relevant to dismissal for economic reasons insofar as the suspension of a contract (for economic reasons) for more than 120 days is a valid cause for termination of employment by either parties in the Labour Code. There are no additional specific procedural requirements for terminating those employment contracts which have been suspended for economic reasons.