FTC regulated: Yes

Remarks

Rules on the use of FTCs are contained in art. 51-56 LC.

Valid reasons for FTC use: objective and material reasons

Remarks

No list of specific reason for resorting to fixed-term contract (art. 51 LC). However, the use of FTC to fill in, on a lasting basis, positions connected with the normal and permanent activity of an undertaking is prohibited and such contract would be deemed concluded for a indefinite period (see art. 51 and 56 LC).
Art. 54 LC regulates FTCs concluded for an unspecified: these are permitted if they are concluded for the replacement of a temporarily absent worker, for the length of a season, for an occasional increase in workload or for work that does not form part of the customary activities of the enterprise.

Maximum number of successive FTCs: no limitation

Remarks

No limitation provided that the total duration of the fixed-term employment relationship does not exceed 2 years (art. 53 LC).
Contracts of a limited duration but with an unspecified term (seasonal work, temporary replacement of a worker, temporary increase volume of work) can be renewed without any limitation (art. 55 LC).

Maximum cumulative duration of successive FTCs: 24month(s)

Remarks

Art. 53 LC.
However, the maximum cumulative duration is not applicable to those contracts with a limited but unspecified duration (seasonal work, temporary replacement of a worker, temporary increase volume of work). (art. 55 LC)

Maximum probationary (trial) period (in months): 6 month(s)

Remarks

Art. 45 LC:
The probationary period is optional. It must be established in writing and can not be concluded or renewed for a period longer than the time required to test the worker's skills, given the technology and practice of the profession. The maximum duration of trial period and its renewal is set by collective agreements. or in their absence, by Ministerial orders.
The maximum probationary period for permanent contracts cannot exceed 6 months, including renewals. It is is extended to one year for workers hired outside of Niger.

Note: The 1972 Inter-occupational Collective Agreement in appendix No 1. establishes the duration of the probationary period according to the worker's category:
- 8 days for hourly, daily or weekly paid workers;
- 1 month for monthly paid workers;
- 1 to 3 months for first-line supervisors and technicians;
- 3 months for engineers, and executives
- 6 months for senior executives.

Obligation to provide reasons to the employee: Yes

Remarks

Dismissals based on the worker's conduct or capacity: art. 72 LC.
Dismissal on economic grounds: art 77 LC.

Valid grounds (justified dismissal): any fair reasons

Remarks

Art. 71 LC: valid reasons ("motifs légitimes") connected with the worker's conduct, capacity or operational requirements of the undertaking.

Prohibited grounds: marital status, pregnancy, maternity leave, filing a complaint against the employer, temporary work injury or illness, race, colour, sex, religion, political opinion, social origin, nationality/national origin, age, trade union membership and activities, disability

Remarks

See art. 5 LC: general prohibition of discrimination on the grounds of sex, age, national origin, race, religion, colour, political or religious opinion, social origin, disability, trade union membership or non-membership, with respect to hiring, training, wages... disciplinary sanctions and termination of employment.

Art. 71 LC lists unfair reasons for dismissal. There are:
- the above-mentioned groubds for discrimination;
- seeking office as, or acting or having acted in the capacity of, a workers' representative;
- the filing of a complaint or the participation in proceedings against an employer involving alleged violation of laws or regulations or recourse to competent administrative authorities;
- marital status, pregnancy, temporary absence from work because of illness or injury.

Art. 103 LC: prohibition of dismissal during maternity leave.

Workers enjoying special protection: workers' representatives, pregnant women and/or women on maternity leave

Remarks

* Art. 216 LC: prior authorization of the labour inspectorate required before any dismissal of a workers' representative
* Pregnant women and women on maternity leave: No prohibition of dismissal during the entire period of pregnancy, but only during maternity leave (14 weeks, incl. 8 weeks after giving birth): art. 103 LC.

Notification to the worker to be dismissed: written

Remarks

See art. 77 LC (economic dismissals) and 83, al. 2 LC (summary dismissal). No such specific requirement for any other dismissal in the LC. However, see art. 28, 1972 Inter-occupational Collective Agreement that specifically requires that notification be written.

Notice period:

Remarks

No specified duration in the LC. However,the 1972 Inter-occupational Collective Agreement in appendix No 1. establishes the duration of the notice period according to the worker's category, as follows:
- 1 month for monthly paid workers;
- 8 days for hourly, daily or weekly paid workers;
- 1 month for first-line supervisors ("agents de maîtrise") and technicians;
- 3 months for engineers, executives and senior executives.

tenure ≥ 6 months:

  • monthly paid workers: 1 month(s).
  • hourly, daily or weekly paid workers: 8 day(s).
  • first-line supervisors and technicians: 1 month(s).
  • engineers, executives and top executives: 3 month(s).

tenure ≥ 9 months:

  • monthly paid workers: 1 month(s).
  • hourly, daily or weekly paid workers: 8 day(s).
  • first-line supervisors and technicians: 1 month(s).
  • engineers, executives and top executives: 3 month(s).

tenure ≥ 2 years:

  • monthly paid workers: 1 month(s).
  • hourly, daily or weekly paid workers: 8 day(s).
  • first-line supervisors and technicians: 1 month(s).
  • engineers, executives and top executives: 3 month(s).

tenure ≥ 4 years:

  • monthly paid workers: 1 month(s).
  • hourly, daily or weekly paid workers: 8 day(s).
  • first-line supervisors and technicians: 1 month(s).
  • engineers, executives and top executives: 3 month(s).

tenure ≥ 5 years:

  • monthly paid workers: 1 month(s).
  • hourly, daily or weekly paid workers: 8 day(s).
  • first-line supervisors and technicians: 1 month(s).
  • engineers, executives and top executives: 3 month(s).

tenure ≥ 10 years:

  • monthly paid workers: 1 month(s).
  • hourly, daily or weekly paid workers: 8 day(s).
  • first-line supervisors and technicians: 1 month(s).
  • engineers, executives and top executives: 3 month(s).

tenure ≥ 20 years:

  • monthly paid workers: 1 month(s).
  • hourly, daily or weekly paid workers: 8 day(s).
  • first-line supervisors and technicians: 1 month(s).
  • engineers, executives and top executives: 3 month(s).

Pay in lieu of notice: Yes

Remarks

Art. 83 LC

Notification to the public administration: No

Remarks

Except in case of a dismissal of a workers' representative (art. 216 LC) and an economic dismissal (art. 73 LC).

Notification to workers' representatives: No

Remarks

Except in case of an economic dismissal (art. 73 LC).

Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

Remarks

Except for the dismissal of a workers' representative: art. 216 LC.

Approval by workers' representatives: No

Definition of collective dismissal (number of employees concerned): No definition of collective dismissal.
Reference to economic dismissal of one or more employees.

Remarks

Art. 73 LC

Prior consultations with trade unions (workers' representatives): Yes

Remarks

Art. 73 to 76 LC

Notification to the public administration: Yes

Remarks

Art. 73 and 77 LC

Notification to workers' representatives: Yes

Remarks

Art. 73 LC

Approval by public administration or judicial bodies: No

Remarks

However, approval is mandatory in the event of a dismissal of a workers' representative: art. 216 LC.

Approval by workers' representatives: No

Priority rules for collective dismissals (social considerations, age, job tenure): Yes

Remarks

Art. 74 LC: professional skills, length of service and family responsibilities.

Employer's obligation to consider alternatives to dismissal (transfers, retraining...): No

Remarks

However, art. 75 LC gives the possibility to each participant in the consultation meeting to formulate proposals aiming at avoiding dismissals or mitigating their adverse effects.

Priority rules for re-employment: Yes

Remarks

Art. 80 LC: priority right to re-employment for 2 years.

Notes / Remarks

Notes

These procedural requirements apply any dismissal (individual or collective) based on economic grounds.

Severance pay:

Remarks

No provision in the LC. However, severance pay is governed by art. 34 of the Inter-occupational Collective Agreement:
A worker is entitled to severance pay provided he has been employed continuously for a period of at least one year and he has not committed any serious misconduct. Severance pay corresponds to a percentage of the monthly overall wages per year of service and is set according to the length of service as follows:
*20% per year during the first 5 years
*30% per year from the 6th to the 10th year
*35% per year after the tenth year.

tenure ≥ 6 months: 0 month(s)

tenure ≥ 9 months: 0 month(s)

tenure ≥ 1 year: 0.2 month(s)

tenure ≥ 4 years: 0.8 month(s)

tenure ≥ 5 years: 1 month(s)

tenure ≥ 10 years: 2.5 month(s)

tenure ≥ 20 years: 6 month(s)

Redundancy payment:

Remarks

Severance pay + specific additional payment of 1 month's gross wages for individual and collective dismissals on economic grounds (art. 79 LC).

tenure ≥ 6 months: 1 month(s)

tenure ≥ 9 months: 1 month(s)

tenure ≥ 1 year: 1.2 month(s)

tenure ≥ 2 years: 1.4 month(s)

tenure ≥ 4 years: 1.8 month(s)

tenure ≥ 5 years: 2 month(s)

tenure ≥ 10 years: 3.5 month(s)

tenure ≥ 20 years: 7 month(s)

Compensation for unfair dismissal - free determination by court: Yes

Remarks

Art. 84 Paragraph2 and 85 LC: The amount of damages for unfair dismissal is fixed by the Court, in light of any circumstances establishing the existence and the extent of the harm incurred, including the local custom, the type and importance of the services rendered, the employee's seniority and age, any deductions or payments made to a retirement plan, and other established right.

Reinstatement available: No

Remarks

Damages are the only remedy available for unfair dismissal.

Preliminary mandatory conciliation: Yes

Remarks

Art. 294 LC: conciliation shall be part of the procedure before the labour court.

In addition, before starting any judicial proceedings, the parties can resort to extra-judicial conciliation before the Labour Inspectorate (art. 306 LC).

Competent court(s) / tribunal(s): labour court

Remarks

Art. 278 LC

Existing arbitration: No

Remarks

In the LC, Arbitration is only foreseen for the resolution of collective labour disputes.