Definition of collective dismissal (number of employees concerned):
No quantitative definition. The Industrial Disputes Act deals with dismissals due to retrenchment.
Sec 2[(oo) states: retrenchment means the termination by the employer of the service of a workman for any reason whatsoever, otherwise than as a punishment inflicted by way of disciplinary action, but does not include--
(a) voluntary retirement of the workman; or
(b) retirement of the workman on reaching the age of superannuation if the contract of employment between the employer and the workman concerned contains a stipulation in that behalf; or
2*[(bb) termination of the service of the workman as a result of the non-renewal of the contract of employment between the employer and the workman concerned on its expiry or of such contract being terminated under a stipulation in that behalf contained therein; or]
(c) termination of the service of a workman on the ground of continued ill-health;] "
Prior consultations with trade unions (workers' representatives):
Notification to the public administration:
This is applicable only in the case of industries employing more than 50 workers.
Sec. 25FFA IDA states the following:
(1) An employer who intends to close down an undertaking shall serve, at least sixty days before the date on which the intended closure is to become effective, a notice, in the prescribed manner, on the appropriate Government stating clearly the reasons for the intended closure of the undertaking:
Provided that nothing in this section shall apply to:
(a) an undertaking in which:
(i) less than fifty workmen are employed, or
(ii) less than fifty workmen were employed on an average per working day in the preceding twelve months,
(b) an undertaking set up for the construction of buildings, bridges, roads, canals, dams or for other construction work or project.
Also see section 25-O providing for 90 days notice) i.e. for establishments covered by Chapter V-B (100 workers or more).
Notification to workers' representatives:
Approval by public administration or judicial bodies:
Sec. 25N IDA (applicable only to industries with 100 or more workers) prescribes for the prior permission of the appropriate Government in case of the retrenchment of the worker who has been in continuous service with the employer for not less than one year.
Approval by workers' representatives:
Priority rules for collective dismissals (social considerations, age, job tenure):
Sec. 25G IDA states the following: "Where any workman in an industrial establishment, who is a citizen of India, is to be retrenched and he belongs to a particular category of workmen in that establishment, in the absence of any agreement between the employer and the workman in this behalf, the employer shall ordinarily retrench the workman who was the last person to be employed in that category, unless for reasons to be recorded the employer retrenches any other workman"
Employer's obligation to consider alternatives to dismissal (transfers, retraining...):
Priority rules for re-employment:
Sec. 25H IDA reads as following: "Where any workmen are retrenched, and the employer proposes to take into his employ any persons he shall, in such manner as may be prescribed, give an opportunity to the retrenched workmen who are citizens of India to offer themselves for reemployment, and such retrenched workmen who offer themselves for reemployment shall have preference over other persons".