There are no general size-related exclusions regarding the applicability of termination of employment provisions.
However, the provisions on (temporary) stoppage of work and lay-off do not apply to establishments with less than 5 workers.
This exclusion can affect termination of employment insofar as sec. 16(7) LA regulating lay-off provides that where, during a calendar year, a worker is to be laid off after the first forty-five days for any continuous period of fifteen days or more, the employer may retrench that worker instead of temporarily laying him/her off.
- Section 1 (4) LAbour Act: The Act does not apply to:
(a) Offices of or under the Government;
(b) Security printing press;
(c) Ordnance factories;
(d) establishments for the treatment or care of the sick, infirm, aged, destitute, mentally disabled, orphan, abandoned child, widow or deserted woman, which are not run for profit or gains;
(e) Shops or stalls in any public exhibition or show which deal in retail trade and which is subsidiary or to the purpose of such exhibition or show;
(f) Shops or stalls in any public fair or bazaar for religious or charitable purpose;
(g) Educational, training and research institutions;
(h) Hostels and messes, hospital, clinic and diagnostic centre not maintained for profit or gains;
(i) In respect of chapter, ii, any shop, commercial establishment or industrial establishment owned and directly managed by the government where the workers are governed by conduct rules applicable to government servants;
(j) workers whose recruitments and terms and conditions of service are governed by laws or rules made under article 62, 79, 113, or 133 of the constitution, except, for the purposes of chapters XII, XIII and XIV workers employed by the-
(i) Railway Department
(ii) Posts, Telegraph and Telephone Departments,
(iii) Roads and highways Department,
(iv) Public works Department,
(v) Public Health Engineering Department,
(vi) Bangladesh Government press.
(k) Workers employed in an establishment mentioned in clauses (b), (c) (d), (e), (f), (g) and (h) but workers other than teachers, employed by any university shall not be subject to the restrictions except the purposes of chapters XII, XIII and XIV;
(l) Seamen, except for the purposes of chapters XII, XIII and XIV;
(m) Ocean going vessels, except for the purpose of chapter XVI;
(n) agricultural farms where less than five workers are normally employed;
(o) domestic servants; and
(p) establishments run by the owner with the aid of members of his family and without employing any hired labour"
- See also Section 2 (Lxv) Labour Act: 'worker' means any person including an apprentice employed in any establishment or industry, either directly or through a contractor, to do any skilled, unskilled, manual, technical, trade promotional or clerical work for hire or reward, whether the terms of employment be expressed or implied, but does not include a person employed mainly in a managerial or administrative capacity.