Definition of collective dismissal (number of employees concerned):
No statutory definition
Prior consultations with trade unions (workers' representatives):
Notification to the public administration:
Article 17(2) of the Law on Employment: the employer has to inform, 2 months in advance, the public service of employment about any contemplated redundancies.
Notification to workers' representatives:
Law on Trade Unions of 1994:
Article 11. Right of trade unions to defend labour rights.
...Where the closure of an enterprise or its subdivisions at the initiative of the management may lead to a complete or partial cessation of production, workforce reductions or a deterioration of working conditions, such measures, with the exception of cases provided for by the law, shall not be carried out without prior notice of not less than three months to the trade unions concerned, and consultations with them concerning the safeguarding of workers' rights and interests.
Approval by public administration or judicial bodies:
Approval by workers' representatives:
However, according to art. 80 LC, the employer has to obtain the authorization of the trade union to dismiss a member of that trade union.
Priority rules for collective dismissals (social considerations, age, job tenure):
Art. 78 LC - the employer defines the list of workers to be dismissed for economic reasons.
Employer's obligation to consider alternatives to dismissal (transfers, retraining...):
Priority rules for re-employment: